Agricultural policy refers to a set of laws and measures relating to national agriculture and the importation of foreign products. In Côte d’Ivoire, this policy responds to a fundamental need, given the place that the agricultural sector occupies in the country, because as it is customary to say, “The Ivorian economy is based on agriculture.
This statement is corroborated by the figures in the French government’s report on the agricultural context and international relations in Côte d’Ivoire. It shows that the agricultural sector accounted for 18% of the Ivorian government’s GDP in 2018 and 40% of exports. The figures put forward testify to the role played by agriculture in Ivorian foreign trade. This is largely due to the contribution of exporting companies such as PRIME PRESTIGE .
In addition to the foreign market, Ivorian farms play an important role in the local market. Indeed, they guarantee food security to the populations living on the national territory. All these elements allow us to measure the good health of this sector in Côte d’Ivoire. These results are the fruit of the implementation by the governing bodies of management measures aimed at increasing agricultural productivity and guaranteeing the inflow of foreign currency into the country’s economy.
These measures consist initially of the creation of bodies to regulate agricultural activity on the national territory, such as the Conseil du Coton et de l’Anacarde (CCA). They may also consist of the adoption of a fixed tariff for certain agricultural raw materials in order to guarantee the payment of a fair price to farmers.
It should also be noted that the Ivorian government does not hesitate to grant subsidies to agricultural actors in order to compensate for certain deficits that may result from unforeseen events. This was the case with the 300 billion CFA francs released by the Ivorian government to cushion the effects of COVID 19 on agricultural activities. This amount is distributed over the 2020 and 2021 budget years to the tune of 150 million CFA francs.
The professional units implementing the emergency agricultural program as part of measures to mitigate the impact of the health crisis have benefited from this financial support from the Ivorian state. The commodafrica website, citing the Ivorian press agency’s “Retro 2020” report, indicates that 79.54 billion euros have been granted to export sectors, including 35 billion euros for cashew nuts, 5.56 billion euros for cotton, 24.98 billion euros for rubber, 3.5 billion euros for oil palm, 4.5 billion euros for desert bananas, 1 billion euros for pineapples and 5 billion euros for mangoes.
The food production sectors also benefited from government support. 39.96 billion went to this sector, whether for food crops or livestock, among others. In addition to this direct financial contribution, many infrastructure projects have been launched by the State to support agriculture.
As the Ivorian Press Agency points out, the pandemic has not affected these construction projects. One example is the second container terminal (TC2) in the Vridi port area, the construction of which began in October and will increase the capacity of the autonomous port of Abidjan to 2.5 million containers per year. This project was launched with the support of the Chinese company CHEC.
In short, all these measures and projects aim to increase the competitiveness of Ivorian agriculture, especially in this period of great upheaval.
Prime prestige major actor of the Ivorian agricultural sector intends to participate actively in the development of agriculture in Cote d’Ivoire.